This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Matter.
The quest for quantum spin liquids is an important enterprise in strongly correlated physics, yet candidate materials are still few and far between. Meanwhile, the classical front has had far more success, epitomized by the exceptional agreement between theory and experiment for a class of materials called spin ices. It is therefore natural to introduce quantum fluctuations into this well-established classical spin liquid model, in the hopes of obtaining a fully quantum spin liquid state.
Topological quantum computing requires phases of matter which host fractionalized excitations that are neither bosons nor fermions. I will present a new route toward realizing such fractionalized phases of matter by literally building on existing topological phases. I will first discuss how existing topological phases, when interfaced with other systems, can exhibit a “topological proximity effect” in which nontrivial topology of a different nature is induced in the neighboring system.
A closed quantum system is ergodic and satisfies equilibrium statistical physics when it completely loses local information of its initial condition under time evolution, by 'hiding' the information in non-local properties like entanglement. In the last decade, a flurry of theoretical work has shown that ergodicity can be broken in an isolated, quantum many-body system even at high energies in the presence of disorder, a phenomena known as many-body localization (MBL).
In this talk we propose a Hamiltonian approach to 2+1D gapped topological phases on an open surface with boundary. The bulk part is
(Levin-Wen) string-net models arising from a unitary fusion category (can be viewed as Hamiltonian approach to extended Turaev-Viro TQFT), while the boundary Hamiltonian is constructed using any Frobenius algebra in the input category. The combined Hamiltonian is exactly solvable and gives rise to a gapped energy spectrum which is topologically protected.
Near a quantum-critical point in a metal strong fermion-fermion interaction mediated by a soft collective boson gives rise to incoherent, non-Fermi liquid behavior. It also often gives rise to superconductivity which masks the non-Fermi liquid behavior. We analyze the interplay between the tendency to pairing and fermionic incoherence for a set of quantum-critical models with effective dynamical interaction between low-energy fermions.
Dicke's seminal 1954 paper introduced the notion of `superradiance' in a system of spins coupled to a common photon mode.
Topological states of matter are of of fundamental interest in contemporate condensed matter physics. Today, the fractional Quantum Hall effect remains the only known experimental system expected to exhibit intrinsic topological order. The question remains whether also different systems might stabilize this kind of ordering. Chiral spin liquids are an analogue of Fractional Quantum Hall Effect wave functions for spin systems. These wavefunctions have been envisioned in 1987 but only very recently several simple frustrated quantum spin models have been proposed realizing this physics.
Since its first discovery in 1986, high-Tc superconductors have been attracting constant interests and meticulous efforts from both theorists and experimentalists, not merely due to its large transition temperature, but also because it offers a well characterized laboratory for the study of exotic phenomena such as quantum criticality, non-Fermi liquid behavior, and intertwined orders. One pressing question in the field is the role played by disorder:
Motivated by the question about reconstructing a Conformal field theory from the data of a subfactor of finite index, Jones studied the continuous limit of the periodic quantum spin chain which Thompson group acts on. Based on planar algebras, the topological axiomatization of subfactors, we will illustrate the idea of the correspondence between the skein theory of planar algebras and presentation of Thompson groups.