This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Matter.
Magnetic skyrmions are topological solitons which occur in a large class of ferromagnetic materials and which are currently attracting much attention, not least because of their potential use for low-energy magnetic information storage and manipulation. The talk is about an integrable model for magnetic skyrmions, introduced in a recent paper (arxiv:1812.07268) and generalised in arxiv:1905.06285.
Monolayer WTe2, an inversion-symmetric transition metal dichalcogenide, has recently been established as a quantum spin Hall insulator and found superconducting upon gating.
Topological crystalline states are short-range entangled states jointly protected by onsite and crystalline symmetries. While the non-interacting limit of these states, e.g., the topological crystalline insulators, have been intensively studied in band theory and have been experimentally discovered, the classification and diagnosis of their strongly interacting counterparts are relatively less well understood. Here we present a unified scheme for constructing all topological crystalline states, bosonic and fermionic, free and interacting, from real-space "building blocks" and "connectors".
We present a paradigm for effective descriptions of quantum magnets. Typically, a magnet has many classical ground states — configurations of spins (as classical vectors) that have the least energy. The set of all such ground states forms an abstract space. Remarkably, the low energy physics of the quantum magnet maps to that of a single particle moving in this space.
The Wilson formulation of lattice gauge theories provides a first-principles study of many properties of strongly interacting theories, such as quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Certain other properties, such as real-time dynamics, pose insurmountable challenges in this paradigm. Quantum Link Models are generalized lattice gauge theories, which not only offer novel approaches to study dynamics of gauge theories with quantum simulators, but also connect to
In this talk, I will focus on topological aspects and edge states of a spin system on a Kagome lattice. with the anisotropic XXZ and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI). I will begin with the rich phase diagram in the classical limit arising as a result of the interplay of the two interaction strengths, followed by a spin-wave analysis in some of these phases.
We uncover a rich phenomenology of the self-organized honeycomb network superstructure of one-dimensional metals in a nearly-commensurate charge-density wave 1T-TaS${}_2$, which may play a significant role in understanding global topology of phase diagrams and superconductivity. The key observation is that the emergent honeycomb network magically supports a cascade of flat bands, whose unusual stability we thoroughly investigate.
Self-learning Monte Carlo (SLMC) method is a general-purpose numerical method to simulate many-body systems. SLMC can efficiently cure the critical slowing down in both bosonic and fermionic systems. Moreover, for fermionic systems, SLMC can generally reduce the computational complexity and speed up simulations even away from the critical points. For example, SLMC is more than 1000 times faster than the conventional method for the double exchange model in 8*8*8 cubic lattice.
The appearance of scale invariance and diverging response functions in many-body systems is inseparably linked to the presence of a critical point and spontaneous symmetry breaking. In thermal equilibrium critical points mostly correspond to isolated spots in parameter space, which require rather strong fine tuning of e.g., the temperature of magnetic fields, in order to be reached. Pushing systems away from thermal equilibrium, e.g., by exposing them to external drive fields or dissipation, can give rise to more unconventional forms of criticality.
Fracton order is a new kind of phase of matter which is similar to topological order, except its excitations have mobility constraints. The excitations are bound to various n-dimensional surfaces with exotic fusion rules that determine how excitations on intersecting surfaces can combine.