This series consists of weekly discussion sessions on foundations of quantum Theory and quantum information theory. The sessions start with an informal exposition of an interesting topic, research result or important question in the field. Everyone is strongly encouraged to participate with questions and comments.
Quantum computers can only offer a computational advantage when they have sufficiently many qubits operating with sufficiently small error rates. In this talk, I will show how both these requirements can be practically characterized by variants of randomized benchmarking protocols. I will first show that a simple modification to protocols based on randomized benchmarking allows multiplicative-precision estimates of error rates. I will then outline a new protocol for estimating the fidelity of arbitrarily large quantum systems using only single-qubit randomizing gates.
Stabilizer states are a rich class of quantum states which can be efficiently classically represented and manipulated. In this talk I will describe some ways in which they can help us to represent and manipulate more general quantum states. I will discuss classical simulation algorithms for quantum circuits which are based on expressing a quantum state as a superposition of (as few as possible) stabilizer states.
Based on arXiv:1601.07601 (with Sergey Bravyi) and work in progress with Sergey Bravyi, Dan Browne, Padraic Calpin, Earl Campbell and Mark Howard.
Adiabatic quantum computation (AQC) is a method for performing universal quantum computation in the ground state of a slowly evolving local Hamiltonian, and in an idea
The entanglement properties of random quantum states or dynamics are important to the study of a broad spectrum of disciplines of physics, ranging from quantum information to high energy
(1) Entanglement-enhanced quantum sensing: parameter estimation and hypothesis testing.
(2) Security from entanglement: quantum key distribution.
(3) Entanglement enhanced communication: channel capacity and additivity issues.
(4) Some open problems.
We discuss some applications of a result on the convex combination of the quantum states (that we refer to as convex-split technique) and its variants. In the framework of Quantum Resource theory, we provide an operational way of characterizing the amount of resource in a given quantum state, for a large class of resource theories.
From a quantum information perspective, we will study universal features of chaotic quantum systems.
Quantum error correction -- originally invented for quantum computing -- has proven itself useful in a variety of non-computational physical systems, as the ideas of QEC are broadly applicable.
Generally speaking, physicists still experience that computing with paper and pencil is in most cases simpler than computing with a Computer Algebra System.
The surface code is currently the leading proposal to achieve fault-tolerant quantum computation. Among its strengths are the plethora of known ways in which fault-tolerant Clifford operations can be performed, namely, by deforming the topology of the surface, by the fusion and splitting of codes, and even by braiding engineered Majorana modes using twist defects. Here, we present a unified framework to describe these methods, which can be used to better compare different schemes and to facilitate the design of hybrid schemes.