Emmy Noether Workshop: The Structure of Quantum Space Time
A proposal is made for a fundamental theory, which is hypothesized to be a completion of both quantum mechanics and general relativity, in which the history of the universe is constituted of diverse views of itself. Views are attributes of events, and the theory’s only be-ables; they comprise information about energy and momentum transferred to an event from its causal past. A dynamics is proposed for a universe constituted of views of events, which combines the energetic causal set dynamics with a potential energy based on a measure of the distinctiveness of the views, called the variety.
Finding suitable diffeomorphism-invariant observables to probe gravity at
the Planck scale is essential in quantum gravity. The Wilson loop of the
4-dimensional Christoffel connection is a potentially interesting
ingredient for the construction of such an observable. We have
investigated to what extent and what form of curvature information of the
underlying spacetime may be extracted from Wilson loops through a Stokes’
theorem-like relation. We present an expression for the conservation of
Complements offer a separating device which proves useful for renormalisation purposes. A set and its set complement are disjoint, a vector space and its orthogonal complement have trivial intersection. Inspired by J. Pommersheim and S. Garoufalidis, we define a class of complement maps which give rise to a class of binary relations that generalise the disjointness of sets and the orthogonality of vector spaces. We discuss how these reflect locality in quantum field theory and how they can be used for renormalisation purposes.
Causal Dynamical Triangulations (CDT) is a candidate theory for quantum gravity, formulated nonperturbatively as the scaling limit of a lattice theory in terms of triangulated spacetimes. An important feature of this approach is its elegant resolution of the problem of diffeomorphism symmetry in the full, background-free quantum theory. This has enabled the concrete computation of geometric observables in a highly nonperturbative, Planckian regime, an important step in putting quantum gravity on a quantitative footing, and understanding the structure of quantum spacetime.