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Measurement of quantum fields in curved spacetimes

A standard account of the measurement chain in quantum mechanics involves a probe (itself a quantum system) coupled temporarily to the system of interest. Once the coupling is removed, the probe is measured and the results are interpreted as the measurement of a system observable. Measurement schemes of this type have been studied extensively in Quantum Measurement Theory, but they are rarely discussed in the context of quantum fields and still less on curved spacetimes. 

In this talk I will describe how measurement schemes may be formulated for quantum fields on curved spacetime within the general setting of algebraic QFT. This allows the discussion of the localisation and properties of the system observable induced by a probe measurement, and the way in which a system state can be updated thereafter. The framework is local and fully covariant, allowing the consistent description of measurements made in spacelike separated regions. Furthermore, specific models can be given in which the framework may be exemplified by concrete calculations.

I will also explain how this framework can shed light on an old problem due to Sorkin concerning "impossible measurements" in which measurement apparently conflicts with causality.

The talk is based on work with Rainer Verch [Leipzig], (Comm. Math. Phys. 378, 851–889(2020), arXiv:1810.06512; see also arXiv:1904.06944 for a summary) and a recent preprint arXiv:2003.04660 with Henning Bostelmann and Maximilian H. Ruep [York].

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Event Date: 
Mercredi, Octobre 28, 2020 - 14:00 to 15:30